Springsure has a population of about 1000. It is 322 metres (1057 feet) above sea level and is one of the few inland towns to have a ‘sea breeze’ or,
as it is locally known, the ‘nine o’clock breeze’.
The town derived its name from the permanent springs in the creeks and gullies at the time of settlement in the area. The first European explorer to
visit was Ludwig Leichhardt in December 1844, and gradually pioneers moved into the region, mainly with sheep and some cattle and horses. The town
developed primarily from the early wagon teams camping here on their way from Rockhampton to the Gulf and Barcoo country.
The unusual escarpment overlooking the town is called Mount Zamia. A noticeable feature on the eastern side of the range is known as the Virgin Rock.
Inside the niche of the rock is a weathered likeness of the Virgin Mary holding her child.
You may also like to take a small detour and visit the ‘Wills Massacre’ site and reflect on the conflicts of the region’s early settlement. On the
17th October, 1861, 19 people from the Horatio Wills (Victorian Settler) party were massacred by local Aboriginal people at Garden Creek. Reprisal
raids were organised and were assisted by the Native Mounted Police. No accurate reason for the attack was ever found, only theories, and no accurate
number of Aborigines killed during the reprisal raids are known, only guesses.